Tyzzer’s Disease in Hamsters; How is it Being the Dead Cause?
Hamsters are adorably and fun companion that needs certain requirements due the welfare; you must consider to know everything about them before bringing this creature home. Like people, hamster need basic live requirements such as house (cage), healthy nutritious foods, and entertaining objects to stimulating their mental and physical health: the toys. The importance of toys cannot be disputed. The hamsters that lack of toys would often choose mode self-destruction to channel their boredom, such as biting their own fur and cage.
Therefore, few toys must be prepared inside hamster’s cage such exercise wheels, the hamster’s ball toys, tunnels as hide-and-seek place, and many more. Yes, hamster’s mental and physical health must be the prime priority of ownership. Due the delicate small body of hamster, fractures in hamsters often happened caused improperly activities; for the example, the often cases was associated with toys. Many times due improper material of toys, hamster’s feet was stuck on the toys which resulted the fractures.
Therefore, you would always be warn to choose toys made from safety materials which didn’t leave any gap that potentially cause stuck. Besides fractures, hamsters are no different than human; they potential strike by viruses and bacterium that caused them death. For the example, the bacterial blood-poisoning disease that spread by deer flies and ticks which infected by F. Tularensis bacterium.
So, today we would focus our topic to discuss disease that a lot of you didn’t unfamiliar with it, the tyzzer’s disease. Stay with us in this article tyzzer’s disease in hamster; how is it being the dead cause?
Although tyzzer was seen worldwide – still, this disease in unfamiliar to people’s ears. tyzzer disease was recognized as enterohepatic syndrome that could infect wide range of animals of every species. The disease firstly noticed around 1917s in mice, and long after the first discovery, for years later the disease spread across small laboratory mammals species included rabbits, guinea pigs, hamsters, rats, and gerbils. Keep in mind, tyzzer disease was a fatal for your foals.
Besides kinds of laboratory species, it is also reported that tyzzer was infected wide range of variety wildlife animals, the list was included: white-tailed deer, muskrats, coyote, lesser panda, raccoon, conttontail rabbit, gray fox, snow leopard, and marsupials. But, consider a rapid and wide range distribution of the disease, it is surprising enough that the disease was found as rare case associated with domesticated animals such dogs, cats, and calves.
Furthermore, the most common cases of tyzzer was infected young animals, well-nourished – especially the ones which happened fed with high-protein foods animals, and then under-stress animals. Some of the animals which not under-stress or immunosuppressed appear resistant to the disease, but the others without immunosuppression appear become more susceptible to the disease. So, what kind of conditions that caused immunosuppression in animals? Immunosuppression was always associated with dietary factors.
For instances, the susceptible animals to disease – commonly laboratory animals or nursing mares – was under excessive nitrogenous diets. Another factor besides dietary was drugs, agents, and antibacterials such as sulfonamides. You need to understand, laboratory animals was exposed and more vulnerable of stress; the stress itself was created by immunosupression drugs. More experiments done the stress is become a protocol of the experiment.
Diagnosing Tyzzer’s Disease
For the suspect of infected animals, they would be run for test of blood and PCR assay; the clinically test aim to find Clostridium Piliforme bacteria which is the main culprit of the disease. Keep in mind, diagnostic methods must be run together due the presumptive clinical diagnosis.
Tyzzer was exhibited several symptoms – but, there are cases that the hamsters was reviled without any symptoms and just experienced sudden death. But, here are some of recognizable symptoms: hunched posture, depress, rough body coat, watery diarrhea, abdominal pain, dehydration, and loss appetite.
What Should You do if Your Hamster was Tyzzer’s Suspect?
If you suspect you pet hamster infected tyzzer disease, you need to bring her immediately to veterinarian. Tyzzer would transmit rapidly to other hamster, so immediate respond is needed. Make sure you separate the ill hamster from the healthy ones, because I’m sure you don’t want the disease spread and infects all your hamsters.
For immediate result, the vet ordinarily would collect hamster’s blood or fecal to run test. Remember, this disease only could be handle by clinical treat. All you can do if you suspect your beloved hamster infected by tyzzer is brought her into the vet; that is the only way, my dear friends.
Treatment of Tyzzer’s Disease
This disease occur complicated treatment, even some antibiotics such as chloramphenicol and sulfonamides unable or being resisted by the bacteria. Even more, some antibiotics was known aggravated the disease. Furthermore, the disease known sensitive to these types of antibiotics: chlortetracyline, streptomycin, penicillin, and erythromycin. Consequently, the effectiveness of antibiotics was questionable in this case (many of antibiotics).
In most cases that occurred to the young animals is always a hundred percent fatal; the adult or older would likely have higher chance to survive from the disease. The sufferers of the disease undergo treatment called treated IV dextrose which is included fifty percent of dextrose, then ten percent of dextrose, followed by antibiotics and other fluids. Most of cases the young would potentially unable to handle dextrose treatment which and fall into coma and passed away several hours later.
But, it’s not only end up tragically, my friends; some of the cases was resulted in successful treatment under the treatment of IV dextrose, potassium chloride, sodium bicarbonate, penicillin and sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim. In general, the doctor would use broad-spectrum of antibiotics, plus the prescription of minerals and vitamins supplement to the hamster build immune system. The vet would also tell you to always meet the need of water; if the hamster was hydrated some electrolyte and fluids supplements would be add in prescription also.
This is the end of tyzzer’s disease in hamsters; how is it being the dead cause. Don’t forget to always maintain your hamster condition, folks!