Arctic owned one of the most gorgeous natural habitat on earth. Outstanding scenery would mesmerize our eyes – the beauty of white icy terrene – cold yet graceful. One of the pure marvelous example of mother nature that still exist until these days (let’s just hope). The Polar regions perhaps would become the hardest regions for people to live. Considered the extreme cold temperatures across its landscape.
Seemingly as impossible place to live, nature has created their own creatures who become the masters of the place – both under the sea and in the land – home of diversity of variety of the wild animals species on earth – the great polar bear, penguin, arctic fox, seal, and many other species that are born and evolved – designed to survive under the extreme situation of its wildlife. Some of those species was registered as rare animals or threaten animals. Couldn’t escape from climate changes impact – yes, the untouched Antarctica – for a thousand of years, has suffered from climate changes and all human activities which produced pollution from gas and oil industry, and also over-fishing.
Not only animals, Polar regions also inhabited by millions of people although there is no record of permanent inhabitants. Since 1959, Antarctica have been announced and protected as the place for peace and science only. So, beside the native tribe of Antarctica, majority of people who lived in there was scientists and support staff of government or organizations. Today, we are going to learn 8 facts about natural habitat of polar animals in Arctic right now!
1. More Alive at Winter
Most places would become dead or quiet during winter. People or animals prefer to stay under their cozy warm blanket or nest than roaming in the cold climate. That’s not what happened in Arctic, in fact, winter would be a busy and active season for the ocean wildlife habitats. At recent study, reviled that biodiversity, reproduction, abundance, and growth process are progressive as the warm months for normal species in the Arctic Ocean habitat. Appear variety of species which uncommonly seeing during summers, such plankton, haddock, cod, and number of birds.
2. Bird Poop, One of the Caused of Cool Area
Could you ever imagine bird poop could effect the temperature? That is happened in Arctic. On a study by Nature Communications, published that massive amounts of bird poop apparently release gases that would cover the cloud, which would cause decreasing temperatures of the air. Although the amount of reduction is not that high, but still the poop is one of the contributor of the drop temperatures. What a surprising fact.
3. Overlooked of the First Man Who reach the North Pole
For almost a decade, a man called Robert Peary, in 1909 was declared himself as the first man who reach the North Pole. Apparently, today, expert believe that the first man who reach the North Pole wasn’t Robert but his assistant named Matthew Henson who is an African-American. All the respect should belong to Matthew, not Robert. It is believed, in that time, Robert was suffered from bad frostbite which make him couldn’t walk anymore, and pulled along on a sled. Henson, and other two guides was walked a head on foot when accidentally overshot their destination, make him reach the North Pole forty-five minutes faster than his boss, Robert.
4. The Home of the World’s Biggest Seed Storage Facility
For a long time, Arctic become the base-camp of research program and facility for scientist. But, the shocking fact is that this place was the place of the biggest facility of seed storage in the world. This facility was run by Norwegian government, whit the measurement more than eight-hundreds miles beyond the Arctic circle. The facility is called Svalbard Global Vault – held more than four-thousands plant species, food crops included, keeping it safe forever after.
5. The Cartoonist who Designed Santa’s North Pole
This was a very informative fact about Santa Clause. Yes, who didn’t know about a wonderful old-man who like to given all the good boys present in Christmas night? One big fact is, the Santa Clause figure was designed for the first time by political cartoonist Thomas Nast for Harper’s Weekly in the 1860s. Thomas was inspired by explorers who attempt to conquer the North Pole. That is why, Thomas also made the mail’s official of Santa’s address in North Pole. Psst, don’t let your children know it!
6. North Pole is Warmer
The fact is, Arctic is ocean surrounded by land, and Antarctic is land surrounded by ocean. These portions of water underneath, make Arctic’s ice able to trap the heat and air’s warm on its surrounding. The water is Arctic is approximate about a foot above ice cap. Whereas, the Antarctica’s ice sheet is more than nine-thousands feet in elevation, approximate about more than a mile and a half above the water (sea) level. As you know, higher elevations would cause the colder temperature.
7. Inter-governmental Arctic Forum is Existed
Inter-governmental was created by countries which their borders was fell within the Arctic’s circle. This forum was called the Arctic Council, the only forum of circumpolar for solving political issues on Arctic. The members of Arctic council included, The Kingdom of Denmark, Canada, Norway, Finland, Iceland, Sweden, the Russian Federation, and United States. The council work to assess, and looking for the solutions about the environmental and other issues, such social issues among wildlife and people whose living there.
8. The Temperatures
The last of our lists from: 8 facts about natural habitat of polar animals in Arctic right now! – was the temperature. Yes, of course – definitely – the temperature of Arctic was shockingly cold. The average winter in there was approximate about minus 22°F, and the south Pole was even worse. The lowest recorded temperature of south Pole reach the number of minus 129°F. I, personally, would never imagine what would happen to me if I take a tour to this place, especially because I’m a tropical people.
Although polar regions was extremely cold, its still have normal seasons like other places which are the summer and winter. In Polar regions, the sun on the summer season would shine 24 hours a day, but, the sun never reach the horizon line which is never warm everything enough. So, it will still cold even in summer. Furthermore, during the winter, it would be dark all the way winter – for months, you would miss the touch of the sun in your face.