There is a cost of everything, says the wise-man, that is true. We’re not talking about the cost of caused and action, but more about the money cost or simply people called it as allowance. As long as people live and work, there would be always allowances as a part of our life management – especially if you have your own business. We need to calculate every single thing – income and outcome, so we could get profitable income. So, in this particular topic, we would discuss 3 things you should know about crossbreeding system allowance for all the breeder and non-breeder (just for additional information).
But, first let me explain the meaning of allowance term is. Allowance, according to wikipedia is mount of money that given or which you would allot at regular interval in specific purposes. The individual that given allowance, ordinarily would become the person who take control and to guarantee that their money is used for the purpose only. That is how it work at crossbreeding program, as part of new trend businesses. You could check this to know deeper about the definition of crossbreed: everything that you need to know about animal crossbreeding.
Apparently, crossbreeding become new raising business among breeders – actually also among farmers. It’s already known that these days dairy production of farm animal (cattle mainly), does used technology to wrapped on animal cross-breeding process. It is believed that crossbreed program are increasing the number of productions on farm animals, such as the sheep and cattle. However, all thing has it owns consequences, even in this breeding method. Crossbreed apparently not only changed physical appearance, but also affect the animal behavioral or animal psychology.
Consequently, it’s become breeders duty to check the animal psychology when it gets breeding. The effect of crossbreeding (positive and negative) would impact the animal. Back to the topic, there are some of the allowances that have been made to guide the crossbreeding process and program on purpose to make the process more efficient and press the outlay. Furthermore, here are 3 things you should know about crossbreeding system allowance.
1. Herbage Allowance System
Herbage allowance is important to apply especially in some places where the price of product that paid to producer – the farmer is low, such in Argentina. Using the perfect management by bought the cheapest of feed and efficiently grazing pasture determine the efficiency of the system at general. In Argentina, the main pasture that been used to feed the cows is alfafa, in fact, the efficiency of grazing alfafa pasture is low which is calculated less than 650 g/kg.
Furthermore, the transformation of grassland and pasture management is needed on purpose to reduce the raising of the costs production which is generally been the main-gate of falling farm. In 2005, Dillon et al, reviled that in early lactation replacement of grass silage with the grazed grass as the diet menu is increased the milk production and protein concentration of the milk. The feed management consistently also depend on each location. Let’s take Ireland as the example, in Ireland grass would grow seasonal. Calculated during November to January, grass net growth was low – consequently the grass stock would never meet with the the cow demand necessary.
Crossbreeding apparently help the farmer to reduce the intake and feed costs. Furthermore, the real example could be take by comparing the crossbred cows and the straight Angus cow. The experiment reviled that the crossbred cow’s meal portion was less than the straight cow, approximate two pounds less per-day. This result made the dairy farmer to pick the option to crossbreed their animal to increase the dairy production.
2. Breed Complementarity System
As we discuss before, complementarity system could improve economic efficiency and reduce budgetary of daily routine outlay by controlling the price without any compromise with social objective. On dairy process, complemantarity system often used for feeding operational (mainly breastfeeding stage). Complemantarity needs dissimilar combination of dam and sire – it requires different types of manner and favorable as the combine.
The breed’s descent have to be a high carcass quality and cross with which own capability of tropical adaptation would produce the breed that blend all those traits. The hing quality of sires (good carcass quality) and dams – which the perfectly adapted with tropical condition – in this particular process used o conduct the cross in the most efficient and productive way. Unfortunately, if we reverse the materials, it’s become ineffective because apparently the dam would not adapt very well and under prevailing conditions in year-around.
Further more, there’s another type of complementarity method used by the breeders, which is they would use smaller amount of dam and larger amount of sire. The result reviled that the dam would produce higher percentage of weight in efficient way.
3. Floor Space Allowance
Floor space allowance basically was a method of measurement the balance of the space allowance and the number of animals on purpose of successfully rearing of the animal. When the minimum space of animals have been fulfilled, then we don’t have to worry about the failure of rearing. Furthermore, the floor space allowance indeed reduced the cost of bedding and labor system which happened if you used low capital investment inside of infrastructure building and used the indoor floor space.
Moreover, it also exhibits some benefits as the represent of principal economic and management. But, is not beneficial if you increase space allowance per animal individual above requirement which have been recommended based on production performance and behavioral terms. A study reviled that theoretically, the requirement on allowance of space reduced the Comfort Class Level with any compromising on it – based on behavioral clustering activities and synchronization.
We would take pig as the example. In some countries would recommend the requirement of floor space about 0.15 m² per-pig. South Asian countries would recommend about 0.3 to 0.5 m² per-pig (without any open spaces). India, apparently has higher standard which is the measurement about 0.9 m² per-pig, plus the same size of open area. However, these three system allowances above was used to reduce crossbreeding budgetary and make it as effective and efficient as possible.