Just like a human, dogs can also get sick, and carry out many diseases and dangerous virus. Some of the dog diseases aren’t very harmful, however, there are also many common disease that are contagious to human, and can be quite dangerous if you ignore them. Some of the most contagious diseases can be carried out through virus and bacterial inside the dogs. A dog can get sick from many contagious viruses and bacteria, and it can be very dangerous for their owner.
As a dog owner, you might hear about one or two contagious diseases from dogs. One of the most infamous contagious diseases that can harm both the dog and owner is rabies. There are some rabies outbreaks in the modern world and it can harm a lot of people. There are also many other contagious disease that you might know. As a dog owner, you need to watch out for your dog health and be careful about any contagious disease that might become outbreak in your area.
If you want to be a proper and responsible dog owner, you need to be well informed about a lot of contagious diseases that can harm you, and your lovely pooch. Here, we already compiled you about a lot of contagious diseases that is very dangerous and you need to be very careful about that. So, without any delay anymore, let’s get started on the list of contagious disease that might harmful not only for a dog but also for a human.
Common dog diseases that are dangerous and contagious to human
The common term of a contagious disease that spread through animals like dogs or cats is zoonotic diseases. According to medical research, over a decade, there is an increasing amount of pets owner, making the increasing amount of domestic dogs in almost every region. There is also an increase in the amount of stray and feral dogs, so no wonder there are always increasing the amount of dog biting incident. About more than 4 million people in the world are bitten by stray or feral dogs. Since there are an increasing amount of both domestic and feral dogs around the world, the spreading virus and zoonotic pathogen disease become quite common.
There are some quite common but very contagious zoonotic diseases, If you are a responsible dog owner, then you definitely need to know about these contagious diseases.
Rabies might be the most notorious common zoonotic disease. This disease is very contagious it is spread through animal saliva, especially dog saliva. There are many rabies outbreaks throughout the world, and you might even hear of it. Rabies can be quite dangerous, as it is annually reported that there are more than 40000 deaths caused by rabies infection throughout the world.
Rabies is a disease caused by single RNA viruses that are belonging to the Rhabdoviridae family. There are many historical records about the rabies disease outbreak. This disease can spread very quickly, and very dangerous for everyone. In a developing country where the vaccination and antivirus are not yet spread to everyone, there are many rabies outbreaks that result in more than thousands of death.
This disease turns a dog rabid, causing them to be furious and bite anything without taunt. If you find your dog to be strangely aggressive, produces too much saliva, and you hear that there is a rabies outbreak in your area, contact any veterinarian quickly to proceed with an anti-rabies virus, and quarantine. You need to act quickly before things are getting out of hand.
Salmonella is a species of anaerobic bacteria that thrive in mammals intestinal organs. This contagious disease is spread throughout mammal feces and urine. The most common animals that can spread salmonella bacteria are rats urine, dogs and cats feces, and also bats feces. Salmonella is quite a problem in underdeveloped, and developed country.
To cure an infection of salmonella bacteria, most medical facilities use an antibiogram to help eradicate salmonella bacteria in a patient body. There are also many kinds of antibiotics that can help to cure this contagious disease.
Norovirus is a virus that belongs to the Calciviridae family. This virus is a single strand RNA that spread through feces and gastrointestinal system of infected dogs. Just like salmonella, this virus spread through contaminated dog feces, contaminated food, and water. The infection of norovirus can spread rapidly in the environment where the human population is very dense. The infection of norovirus is quite common in the highly populated area, in a developing country. The recommended medical care for norovirus is serum therapy for patients with gastroenteritis caused by norovirus.
Pasteurella bacteria is a species of bacteria from Gram-negative coccobacilli. This bacteria is mostly found in the upper respiratory system of mammals like domestic pet such as cats and dogs. The Pasteurella spread through dogs saliva, bites, licks, and also a scratch from contaminated dogs or cats. Pasteurella infection can cause many diseases such as soft tissue infection, meningitis, joint infection, but a mostly respiratory infection.
Pasteurella sp can be treated with newly discovered anti-bacteria, and a newer generation of penicillin, fluoroquinolones, cotrimoxazole, and many more. If didn’t treat carefully, a simple scratch or bite from contaminated pets can prove quite fatal to any other human.
5. Yersinia enterocolitica
Yersinia enterocolitica is a pathogen from the gram-negative zoonotic pathogen. These bacteria thrive on the birds, pigs, cattle and some of them are also isolated in a dog. A contaminated dog bite can spread this bacteria into the human body. If the patient is suffering from Yersinia enterocolitica infection, the early asymptomatic will be present and it will cause heavy breathing and sometimes followed by coughing.
The treatment of this contagious disease should not be too hard, as there are now many antibacterial, and antibiotic therapy for the patient.
One of the common disease that are contagious to human is a leptospira. Leptospira is the cause of leptospirosis a common contagious disease that spread throughout anaerobic bacteria. This disease is transmitted from the infected animals through, water, urine, contaminated foods, and contaminated soil.
There might be a variety of signs and symptoms on the patients of leptospirosis, from the coughing, intense headache, too much mucus production, diarrhea, vomiting, and nausea. There are several antibiotics that can help for this bacterial infection such as penicillin, ampicillin, and amoxicillin.