Deadly virus has disturbed the living creatures for a long time. Virus was known for its ability to infect human and non-human, such as cancer and tumor. Although we knew that not every tumor leads to death, but it still potentially grow into dangerous cancer. Another viruses that in reality effected human and non-human creatures was Ebola and Zika virus. Both of them are unthreatened which no precise medicines able to destroy the viruses which established in the hosts.
Most the scariest part of viruses it evolves over the time (it’s occurred in bacteria too). Besides human, animals are the fragile targets of viruses attack. For the example is Sendai virus and Tyzzer’s disease that spread to the hamsters. Yes, rodent’ species are known as one of the hosts of many bacteria and viruses among other animals. If you want to learn about virus expansion in animals’ body, I suggest you to click the link of it. Apparently, now the threat had been increased due the climate changed impact.
Climate changes was become a threat for all living creatures on earth, especially the Arctic’ creatures. Those icy creatures has face wide range of loss habitat due phenomenon. Apparently, the ice melting not only bring the loss of habitat for popular animals such as penguins and the polar bear, but it also spread new virus for all marine mammals across the world. This discovery – of course, surprise many parties. All we know is the melting ice would impact on increment of ocean levels on earth’ surfaces and – of course the habitat loss of several species.
But, virus distribution on marine mammals? Therefore, today we would share to you about this deadly virus will infect the marine mammals when Arctic ice is melting. Without further do, let’s check it out!
Deadly Disease Spread from Atlantic
The world would face devastating moment due the the melting of Arctic sea ice. In conjunction with the melting ice, deadly disease had followed throughout North Atlantic Ocean and northern Pacific. The prediction reviled that this disease affect most of the marine mammals, included: sea otters and seals. Apparently, since years ago experts had been concerned that the melting ice in northern oceans would impact to the increment heating on global climate.
If this truly happened (and indeed happened), it would not come alone; the event would transmit geographical limited disease that would spread throughout the two oceans. The deadly virus will infect the marine mammals when the Arctic ice is melting now literally happened. These days, the scientists recognized similar symptoms that occurred in dogs’ distemper. This outbreak distemper was transmitted from northern population of seals to Alaskan sea otters and seals.
This long concernment of melting the sea ice of Arctic would allow disease to spread into Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. So, what the disease name is? This new distemper was called as PDV (Pochine Distemper Virus). Actually, PDV had been long recognized threat population of Northern Atlantic’ seals. Not only PDV, Northern Atlantic seals often attack with several strains of influenza. But, this cases never been found in the Pacific just like what happened today.
Follow by the endemic which occurred around 1988 in north-western Europe which attacked the grey and harbour seals that lead to the death of thousands of Britain’ seals. Extended of this endemic was continued in 2002, but not as massive as the first one. So, how does the virus work? The PDV’ specialty is attacked the immune system of the host; it makes the host more fragile to the access of pneumonia. Most of the cases, the host that had been infected would die within ten days.
Therefore, continues effects on health of what occurred in the Arctic is still unknown. But, when the experts was considered the increment of PDV’ infection and exposure – and all the open routes of Arctic sea, the opportunities of the virus and other unknown pathogens travel throughout North Atlantic and North Pacific and infect the other marine mammals between those two oceans are higher. Over the time, they expect this disease become more common than before.